Confucius, 551 BC
On good government
- A good ruler is a superior man.
- He is a model of the morality he would like his subjects to cultivate.
- Culture and tradition are more effective in shaping the behavior and ideals of the people than legal and penal codes.
- A good ruler will appoint as officials only those men who share his commitment to principles.
- The social and material well-being of the people are formost in his mind.
- Government must be fiscally sensitive, mindful of the heavy burden taxation places on the people.